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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Benoliel JT, McCorkle R, Georgiadou F, Denton T, Spitzer A(1990).Measurement of stress in clinical nursing
  2. Benoliel JT,McCorkle R,Georgiadou F,Denton T,Spitzer A.(1990).Measurement of stress in clinical nursing.Cancer Nurs,13,221-8.
  3. Burbeck R,Coomber S,Robinson SM,Todd C(2002).Occupational stress in consultants in accident and emergency medicine: a national survey of levels of stress at work.19,234-8.
  4. Burns N, Grove SK(1999).Understanding Nursing Research.
  5. Burns N,Grove SK(1999).Understanding Nursing Research.257-9.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝鳳芹(2012)。護理人員面對傳染病之壓力感受及因應策略之研究以臺北市立聯合醫院為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-64。 
  2. 陳盈華(2007)。台灣社會與疾病史中的SARS經驗。臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所學位論文。2007。1-115。 
  3. 林綉珠(2006)。護理人員面臨災難發生時的回召工作意願及其影響因素之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-121。 
  4. 馮明珠(Ming-Chu FENG);武香君(Hsiang-Chun WU);林慧姿(Hui-Tzu LIN);雷蕾(Lei LEI);趙嘉玲(Chia-Ling CHAO);陸椿梅(Chun-Mei LU);楊婉萍(Wan-Ping YANG)(2020)。面對全球新冠肺炎爆發台灣護理人員之壓力、心理困擾與緩解方式探討。護理雜誌。67(3)。64-74。 
  5. 王麗雯(2012)。旅遊中餐飲體驗阻礙量表之建構。臺灣師範大學餐旅管理與教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-211。
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