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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chan KM,Anderson M,Lau EMC.(2003).Exercise interventions: defusing the world`s osteoporosis time bomb.Bull World Health Organ,81,827-830.
  2. Chie WC,Yang RS,Liu JP,Tsai KS.(2004).High incidence rate of hip fracture in Taiwan: estimated from a nationwide health insurance database.Osteoporos Int,15,998-1002.
  3. D`lppolito G,Schiller PC,Ricordi C,Howard GA,Roos BA.(1997).Age-related decrease in the osteogenic potential of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal stem cell.J Bone Miner Res,12(Suppl),407.
  4. Drews K,Seremak-Mrozikiewicz A,Puk E,Kaluba-Skotarczak A,Malec M,Kazikowska A.(2007).The safety and tolerance of isoflavones (Soyfem) administration in postmenopausal women.Ginekol Pol,78,361-365.
  5. Eastell R,Boyle IT,Compston J(1998).Management of male osteoporosis: report of the UK Consensus Group.QJM,91,71-92.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳夢潔(2009)。胃繞道手術後病患飲食行為與營養問題之研究。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-89。 
  2. 蔡沁筠(2009)。繼發性骨質疏鬆防治衛教手冊內容需求探討:以住院高危險個案觀點為例。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-118。 
  3. 童文銘(2009)。卓蘭地區高齡果農其健康情形與用藥行為之探討。亞洲大學生物資訊學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-139。
  4. 張家甄(2012)。臺灣成年女性身體活動程度與骨礦密度之橫斷性研究。臺灣師範大學運動科學研究所學位論文。2012。1-115。
  5. 黃靜君(2014)。運動充能方案改善關廟社區婦女運動行為之研究。成功大學健康照護科學研究所學位論文。2014。1-197。
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