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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Newhouse, JP(2001).National Bureau of Economic Research Working PaperNational Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper,未出版
  2. 江東亮(2002)。台灣醫療保健支出之趨勢分析。台灣衛誌,21,157-63。
  3. 陳寬政、林子瑜、邱毅潔、紀筱涵(2009)。人口老化、疾病擴張、與健保醫療費用。人口學刊,39,59-83。
  4. 行政院衛生署中央健保局:醫療品質資訊公開。引用2011 /07/07。。引用2011 /07/07。Bureau of National Health Insurance, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Quality of care information. Available at: 7&menu_id=66 &webdata_id=2872&WD_ID=690. Accessed July 7, 2011.
  5. 行政院衛生署中央健康保險局: 面對健保財務的真相。。引用2011 /07/07。Bureau of National Health Insurance, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Facing the financial truth about National Health Insurance (NHI). Available at: Accessed July 7, 2011.
Times Cited ( 10 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李淑華(2015)。影響健保財務缺口因素之研究。成功大學財務金融研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-36。 
  2. 許佳雯(2013)。膽囊相關疾病患者重複就診與接受膽囊切除術機率之相關性研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-63。 
  3. 陳兪璇(2016)。以台灣資料推估中國未來老年化醫療支出。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-66。 
  4. 林登港(2015)。緊急救護需求影響因素:新北市之實證研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-147。 
  5. 張家源(2013)。罹患高血壓合併高血脂之病人使用單方併用療法與固定複方治療之醫療支出。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-69。 
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