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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許美滿、吳壽山、鍾惠民、林怡群(2004)。控制股東代理問題對公司價值之影響與舉債之監督效果分析。會計與公司治理,1(2),67-90。
  2. 葉銀華(1999)。家族控股集團、核心企業與報酬互動之研究─台灣與香港證券市場之比較。管理評論,18(2),59-86。
  3. Berle, A. and G. C. Means (1932), The Modern Corporation and Private Property, MacMillan, N. Y., N. Y.
  4. Anderson, R. C.,Reeb, D. M.(2003).Founding Family Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from the S&P500.Journal of Finance,58,1301-1328.
  5. Bacon, J.(1973).Corporate Directorship Practices: Membership and Committees of the Board.The Conference Board and American Society of Corporate Secretaries,N.Y, N. Y.:
Times Cited ( 10 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂安涔(2017)。中國總體經濟指標與台灣出口貿易及公司價值。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-69。 
  2. 陳彥銘(2012)。上市公司持股成數規定對績效影響之探討。政治大學管理碩士學程(AMBA)學位論文。2012。1-61。
  3. 林憲平(2015)。動態資本結構調整速度 、調整能力與融資決策。中正大學財務金融學系學位論文。2015。1-105。
  4. 李俊興(2016)。公司治理對企業捐贈之實證研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-44。
  5. 洪嘉穗(2016)。台灣上市櫃公司核心代理問題之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-41。
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