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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑華、李建明(2006)。計步器之應用效益。大專體育,82,55-60。
  2. 王耀德、盧俊宏(2004)。不是炒冷飯!而是要進一步挑戰:再談運動領域中目標設定理論。大專體育,70,130-135。
  3. 周建智、黃美瑤(2010)。健康體適能教學方案在高中體育課的應用:問題導向學習理論觀點。體育學報,43(2),149-170。
  4. 潘倩玉(2007)。特殊學校學生適應體育課程的身體活動。體育學報,40,105-118。
  5. American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance(1999).Physical education for lifelong fitness: The physical best teacher's guide.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家萱,林麗娟,周學雯(2020)。不同目標設定方式對高齡者提升身體活動量之影響:以智慧健身手環為介入。體育學報,53(2),189-200。
  2. 楊雅婷、吳婉綺、江維鈞、王振興(2014)。行為改變策略暨雲端活動促進系統對女高中生身體活動之影響。體育學報,47(1),139-152。
  3. 潘義祥、陳清祥(2016)。Power of Pedometer:以計步器發展學生動態生活型態之析論。體育學報,49(4),377-390。
  4. 葉子明、陳勝勇、張英智(2016)。高中職女學生休閒運動參與動機與休閒效益之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,11(4),1-28。
  5. 賴世烱,蔡彥達,尤秀綾(2019)。學齡前兒童自律活動之養成研究。幼兒教育年刊,30,101-117。
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