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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院國家科學委員會 (2012)。學術補助獎勵查詢。2012年4月15日,取自行政院國家學委員會,網址。
  2. 呂宛蓁 (2005)。體育運動期刊中運動管理學文章之內容分析。中華體育季刊,19(1),101-109。
  3. 卓俊伶 (2011)。體育與運動科學研究現況的批判與省思。體育學報,44(2),315-332。
  4. 高曉光、蔡蘇南 (2008)。我國運動觀光現況分析。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,8(2),214-219。
  5. 國家圖書館 (2012)。碩博士論文。2012年4月15日,取自國家圖書館,網址。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 倪瑛蓮(Ying-Lien Ni);陳美燕(Mei-Yen Chen);施致平(Chih-Pin Shih)(2014)。中介效果分析在體育運動研究的應用現況探討。中華體育季刊。28(4)。305-314。 
  2. 陳光宗(Guang-Zong Chen);施致平(Chih-Pin Shih)(2014)。科技接受模式於體育運動之應用探討。中華體育季刊。28(3)。187-194。 
  3. 徐振德(Chem-Te Hsu);林聯喜(Lien-His Lin);戴玉林(Yu-Lin Tai);蔡清華(Ching-Hwa Tsai)(2014)。本土體育運動學術的發展趨勢分析:以1979-2013《體育學報》為例。體育學報。47(3)。325-337。 
  4. 郭哲君(Che-Chun Kuo);鄭志富(Chih-Fu Cheng)(2013)。題項包裹法於結構方程模式分析中的應用:臺灣體育與運動學術研究之分析與探討。體育學報。46(4)。429-441。 
  5. 徐茂洲(Mao-Chou Hsu);顏君彰(Chun-Chang Yen);蘇維杉(Wei-Shan Su)(2015)。運動觀光論文應用結構方程模型之研究。運動休閒管理學報。12(1)。37-56。 
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