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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 賴雅馨、廖主民(2007)。父母影響兒童參與運動的機制─以Eccles等的父母社會化模式為基礎。中華體育季刊,21(2),61-67。
    2. 教育部(2008a)。教育部 97 年學校體育統計年報。臺北市:作者。
    3. 教育部(2008b)。教育部97 年各級學校學生運動參與情形調查報告。臺北市:作者。
    4. Babkes, M. L.,Weiss, M. R.(1999).Parental influence on children's cognitive and affective responses to competitive soccer participation.Pediatric Exercise Science,11,44-62.
    5. Biddle, S. J. H.,Sallis, J. F.,Cavill, N.(1998).Policy framework from young and health people-Enhancing physical avtivity.Young and active? Young people and health-enhacing physical activity: Evidence and implicatons,London:
    Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張志銘、林曉筠(2018)。桃園市蘆竹區國中生運動性社團的家庭支持、運動涉入與幸福感關係之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,13(2),64-83。
    2. 曾明郎、陳凌莉(2013)。獨輪車運動對國小學童注意力與活動量之研究。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,12(3),140-149。
    3. 李炳昭,吳淑鑾(2019)。從運動社會化觀點論臺中市東平國小扯鈴隊之社會支持與阻礙因素。教育理論與實踐學刊,40,1-24。
    4. 蔡亨(2020)。我國不同城市兒童體操俱樂部營運現況分析。運動教練科學,58,25-40。
    5. 蔡明昌、張瓊文(2016)。家長陪伴參與生態導覽解說活動之參與阻礙與協商策略—以國小中年級學童為例。運動休閒管理學報,13(3),18-30。
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