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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number



中華體育季刊 ; 25卷4期 (2011 / 12 / 01) , P677 - 685

繁體中文 DOI: 10.6223/qcpe.2504.201112.2010 DOI


Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃彥慈、邱文信(2008)。探討足底壓力之應用與展望。大專體育,97,146-153。
    2. 內政部戶政司(2010)。99 年臺灣人口統計。線上檢索日期:2010 年11 月10日。內政部,戶政司戶籍人口統計網址:
    3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2006)。94 年度國民運動行為調查結果統計表。線上檢索日期:2010 年11 月10 日。行政院衛生署,國民健康局網址:
    4. Booth, F. W.(1987).Physiologic and biochemical effects of immobilization on muscle.Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research,219,15-20.
    5. Brach, J. S.,Simonsick, E. M.,Kritchevsky, S.,Yaffe, K.,Newman, A. B.(2004).The association between physical function and lifestyle activity and exercise in the health, aging and body composition study.Jounal of the American Geriatrics Society,52,502-509.
    Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張盈琪(2013)。不同拖鞋對人體步態著地期生物力學參數之影響。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-90。 
    2. 方怡堯(I-Yao Fang);何信弘(Hsin-Hung Ho);張少熙(Shao-His Chang)(2014)。在地老化運動促進策略之探討:以芬蘭高齡者運動促進方案為例。中華體育季刊。28(2)。137-144。 
    3. 陳永洲(Yung-Chou Chen)(2018)。雲嘉地區高齡運動服務產業發展現況與策略-業者觀點。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。17(1)。64-75。 
    4. 游惠敏(2014)。延緩下肢行動力退化之高齡者居住空間研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-143。
    5. 李素華(2014)。知覺環境與高齡居民身體活動行為暨生活品質關聯模式研究。中山大學公共事務管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-136。
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