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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周文賢、游信益(2005)。網路銀行服務品質、關係品質、與顧客忠誠之研究。企業管理學報,65,31-60。
  2. 陳建文、洪嘉蓉(2005)。服務品質、顧客滿意度與忠誠度關係之研究-以ISP爲例。電子商務研究,3(2),153-172。
  3. 鄭士蘋、林其鋒(2005)。人際關係、轉換成本、和行銷變數對壽險服務業顧客轉換意圖影響之研究。管理學報,22(3),377-389。
  4. Armstrong, G.,P. Kotler(2002).Marketing: An Introduction.New Jersey:Prentice Hall.
  5. Aydin, S.,G. Ozer(2005).The analysis of Antecedents of Customer Loyalty in the Turkish Mobile Telecommunication Market.European Journal of Marketing,39(7),910-924.
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊敏芝(2014)。服務品質、關係行銷、滿意度與轉換成本對理財專員留存意願關聯性之研究-以T銀行為例。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-62。 
  2. 林麗娟(2012)。會計事務所與客戶之關係連結對口碑推薦之影響-關係品質的中介歷程。臺中科技大學會計資訊系會計與財稅碩士班學位論文。2012。1-55。 
  3. 陳卜僑(2014)。關係行銷品質對服務品質與顧客滿意度之干擾效果--以高雄市地區3C連鎖通路體系之消費者為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2014。1-79。 
  4. 魏子萍(2015)。關係連結對醫師處方行為之影響。逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-83。 
  5. 陳咏均(2009)。量販店服務品質、顧客滿意度、轉換成本與信任關係模式之研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-92。
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