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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李永展(2006)。環境正義與生物多樣性的共生策略─達娜伊谷案例分析。建築與規劃學報,7(1),19-45。
  2. 黃之棟、黃瑞祺(2009)。正義的繼受:我們與美國人講的到底是不是同樣的「環境正義」?。國家發展研究,9(1),85-144。
  3. 中央社,2004,〈反對曾文水庫越域引水 布農族人赴經濟部抗議〉,,查閱日期:2011/04/10。Central News Agency. 2004."Fandui Zeng Wen shuiku yueyu yinshui bunong zuren fujing jibu kangyi" [Bunun tribe went to Ministry of Economic Affairs to oppose Tseng-Wen Reservoir Inter-basin Water Transfer Project]. (Accessed on April 10, 2011).
  4. 中央社,2009,〈反對曾文水庫越域引水 黃金山請縣府歸納民意〉,,查閱日期:2009/10/17。Central News Agency. 2009. "Fandui Zeng Wen shuiku yueyu yinshui Huangjinshan qing xvanfu guina minyi" [Local opposition to Tseng-Wen Reservoir Interbasin Water Transfer Project: Huangjinshan asked the county government to integrate public opinions]. (Accessed on April 17, 2009).
  5. 中央社,2010,〈小林滅村關鍵110秒:地質脆弱是元凶〉,,查閱日期:2010/04/14。Central News Agency. 2010. "Xiaolin miecun guanjian dizhi cuiruo shi yuanxiong" [Xiaolin village destruction in the key 110 seconds: geological fragile is the major cause]. (Accessed on October 14, 2010).
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉怡亭(2017)。穹頂之下:建構臺灣中部細懸浮微粒環境風險與治理分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-131。 
  2. 曾玟學(2015)。氣候變遷下臺灣水資源開發與產業用水之衝突。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-170。 
  3. 連宗聖(2014)。風力發電機設置爭議導入社區共利協定之可行性分析。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2014。1-187。
  4. 潘沛締(2016)。弱勢賦權與環境正義:以富喬工業汙染事件為例。中正大學政治學系政府與公共事務碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-72。
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