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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊鈞池(2011)。日本消費稅之政經分析─以 2010 年參議院選舉為例。國際關係學報,32,175-191。
  2. 蔡增家(2004)。全球化與日本經濟衰退的政治經濟分析:從財政赤字及公共工程建設的角度觀察。問題與研究,43(1),63-82。
  3. キャリアブレイン,2010,〈「推薦」と「支援」戸惑う現場─レポート 2010 年参院選〉,,查閱時間:2010/07/06。Cabrain. 2010. "Suisen to shien tomodougenba-repooto 2010 nensaninsen" [Recommendation and support: the puzzled spot-report on 2010 upper house election]. (Accessed on July 6, 2010).
  4. 日經新聞,2009,〈業界団体の自民離れ加速〉,,查閱時間:2009/08/20。Nikkei Shimbun. 2009. "Gyoukaidantai no jiminbanare kasoku ishikai shien 26 tokendomari" [Industrial groups detach themselves from the LDP rapidly]. (Accessed on August 20, 2009).
  5. 日醫連,2007,〈第 21 回参議院選挙解説─自民党得票率の大幅低下〉,,查閱時間:2008/12/17。Nichiiren. 2007. "Dai21kai sangiinsenkyokaisetu: jimintou tokuhyouritu no oohabateika" [An explanation of the 22nd upper house election: a sharp decline in the LDP's vote share]. (September 3) (Accessed on December 17, 2008).
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鐘晨維(2017)。2014年日本眾議院選舉-核能對自民黨得票影響之空間分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-97。 
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