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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. American Psychiatric Association(1994).Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV.Washington, D. C.:American Psychiatric Association.
    2. Breslau, N., Davis, G. C., Andreski, P., Peterson, E. L., Schultz, L. R.(1997).Sex Differences in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.Archives of General Psychiatry,54
    3. Breslau, N., Kessler, R. C., Chilcoat, H. D., Schultz, L. R., Davis, G. C., Andreski, P.(1998).Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma.Archives of General Psychiatry,55
    4. Bryant, R. A., Harvey, A. G.(1998).Relationship Between Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.American Journal of Psychiatry,155
    5. Classen, C., Koopman, C., Hales, R., Spiegel, D.(1998).Acute Stress Disorder as a Predictor of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms.American Journal of Psychiatry,155
    Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鍾廷聖(2012)。Aquaporin 4及MAOA基因對使用Olanzapine, Risperidone及Paliperidone的精神分裂症患者的影響。長榮大學醫學研究所學位論文。2012。1-48。 
    2. 吳秀鸞(2011)。門診精神病患性困擾求助溝通表達之研究。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2011。1-64。 
    3. 李亞蓉(2011)。輕度精神障礙者工作現況與生活品質之研究─以高雄市為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-98。 
    4. 林惠瑩(2010)。天麻水萃物對皮質固酮誘導PC12細胞損傷之神經保護功效。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2010。1-88。 
    5. 陳智惠(Chih-Hui Chen);齊美婷(Mei-Ting Chi);黃惠滿(Hui-Man Huang);孫凡軻(Fan-Ko Sun)(2012)。遭逢莫拉克颱風之災民創傷一年後反應之經驗。護理雜誌。59(3)。29-39。 
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