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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abidin RR,Wilfong E(1989).Parenting stress and its relationship to child health care.Child Health Care,18,114-116.
  2. Anastopoulos AD,Guevremont DC,Shelton TL(1992).Parenting stress among families of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.Journal of Abnorm Child Psychol,20,503-520.
  3. Biederman J,Faraone SV,Keenan K(1992).Further evidence for family-genetic risk factors in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Patterns of comorbidity in probands and relatives psychiatrically and pediatrically referred samples.Arch Gen Psychiatry,49,728-738.
  4. Brown RT,Borden KA,Clingerman SR(1988).Depression in attention deficit-disordered and normal children and their parents.Child Psychiatry Hum Dev,18,119-132.
  5. Bussing R,Gary FA,Mason DM(2003).Child temperament, ADHD, and caregiver strain: exploring relationships in an epidemiological sample.J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry,42,184-192.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖文寬(2010)。探討影響過動症患童問題行為之危險因素中的調節效應及仲介效應。淡江大學數學學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-55。 
  2. 黃尚怡(2004)。中文化與電腦化的『聽覺注意與反應分測驗』:注意力缺陷過動疾患與一般兒童的表現。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2004。1-75。 
  3. 張淑敏(2013)。注意力不足/過動症病童照顧者心理健康素養研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-79。 
  4. 何雯儀(2008)。學齡期注意力缺陷過動症兒童接受中樞神經興奮劑治療的生活經驗。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-154。 
  5. 陳玟伶(Wen-Ling Chen);蔡曉婷(Shiau-Ting Tsai);周汎澔(Fan-Hao Chou)(2015)。學齡期注意力缺陷過動症兒童之母親憂鬱及其相關因素之探討。護理雜誌。62(1)。39-49。 
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