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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 樊景立 Farh, Jiing-Lih, 鄭伯壎 Cheng, Bor-Shiuan(2000).Management and Organizations in the Chinese Context.London:Macmillan Press.
  2. 鄭伯壎 Cheng, Bor-Shiuan、 周麗芳 Chou, Li-Fang、 樊景立 Farh, Jiing-Lih(2000)。家長式領導:三元模式的建構與測量 A Triad Model of Paternalistic Leadership: Constructs and Measurement。本土心理學研究 Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies,14
  3. 鄭伯壎 Cheng, Bor-Shiuan、 姜定宇 Jiang, Ding-Yu(2000)。華人組織中的主管忠誠:主位與客位概念對員工效能的效果 Supervisory Loyalty in Chinese Business Enterprises: The Relative Effects of Emic and Imposed-etic Constructs on Employee Effectiveness。本土心理學研究 Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies,14
  4. Becker, H. S.(1960).Notes on the Concept of Commitment.American Journal of Sociology,66
  5. Becker, T. E., Billings, R. S., Eveleth, D. M., Gilbert, N. L.(1996).Foci and Bases of Employee Commitment: Implications for Job Performance.The Academy of Management Journal,39(2)
Times Cited ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇恆毅(2007)。領導型態、組織文化對於組織績效之影響-以組織承諾作為中介變數。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-120。 
  2. 彭詩雯(2005)。華人企業主管之德行領導對部屬之組織承諾、工作滿意及離職傾向的影響。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2005。1-82。 
  3. 陳明珠(2010)。教職員人格特質、工作滿足、組織承諾與組織忠誠度關係之研究-以國立台南護專為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2010。1-122。 
  4. 曾靚雯(2009)。員工人格特質對組織承諾及忠誠度之影響-以醫院非正式員工為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-63。 
  5. 梁力光(2014)。美髮業員工公平認知對員工忠誠及優質服務影響之研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2014。1-75。 
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