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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(2008):《中華民國人口統計年刊》。摘自內政部統計處,http://www.
  2. 內政部(2012):《簡易生命表及平均餘命查詢》。摘自內政部統計處,
  3. 吳治勳(2010):《對老的刻板印象、老化自我覺知及最適老化》。台灣 大學心理學研究所,未出版之博士論文。
  4. 李宗派(2004):〈老化理論與老人保健(二)〉。《身心障礙研究》(台 北),2,77-95。
  5. 林美玲、翁註重、李昀儒、邱文科(2009):〈以健康成功老化為願景 ──探討高齡者參與產出型志願服務活動之實證研究〉。《台灣職 能治療研究與實務雜誌》(桃園),5,27-40。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟庭(2016)。鄧麗君歌曲對於臺灣健康老年人與失能老年人之情緒效應。臺灣大學音樂學研究所學位論文。2016。1-80。 
  2. 陳凱莉(Kai-Li Chen);陳清惠(Ching-Huey Chen)(2014)。台灣老人醫療自主權的省思。護理雜誌。61(5)。26-32。 
  3. 郭毓亭(2014)。應用設計思考概念於遠距照護使用者服務體驗洞察-以臺灣某醫院遠距照護中心為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2014。1-132。
  4. 楊盈芝(2015)。選擇、最適化與補償模式策略與工作動機的關係—以認知與年齡有關人力資源管理措施為調節變項。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-61。
  5. 林政源(2017)。鄰里環境對中高齡者之社會參與和生活品質之影響探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-133。
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