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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃哲彬(2005)。論行動學習之理念及其在教師進修上的啓示。學校行政,36,52-59。
  2. Argyris, C.,Schōn, D.(1974).Theory in practice: Increasing professional effectiveness.London:Jossey-Bass.
  3. Bath, D.,Smith, C.,Stein, S.,Swann, R.(2004).Beyond mapping and embedding graduate attributes Bringing together quality assurance and action learning to create a validated and living curriculum.Higher Education Research and Development,23(3),313-328.
  4. Belenky M. F.,Clinchy, B. M.,Goldberger, N, R.,Tarule, J. M.(1986).Women's ways of knowing The development of self, voice and mind.New York:Basic Books.
  5. Bourner, T.,Cooper, A.,France, L.(2000).Action learning across a university community.Innovations in Education and Training International,37(1),2-9.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王佳琪(Chia-Chi Wang);宋世祥(Shih-Hsiang Sung)(2019)。設計思考融入職前師資培育課程之實施與成效:以適性教學為例。教育科學研究期刊。64(4)。145-173。 
  2. 詹子弘(2011)。臺中市國民小學教師專業學習社群互動品質與工作滿意度關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2011。1-175。
  3. 許睿元(2012)。「行動-反思」學習於體育系籃球課之應用─學生批判思考探究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-128。
  4. 蔡弘睿(2012)。深則厲,淺則揭-一個社區行動者在社區互動歷程中的自我轉化。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2012。1-195。
  5. 黃元利(2013)。利用行動學習來提昇國小學生之學習動機-以月亮教學為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。
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