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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何青蓉、丘愛鈴(2010)。服務利他生命教育統整課程設計與實施的特色及其挑戰:以大學服務學習課程為例。高雄師大學報,28,1-22。
  2. 常雅珍、林奕宏(2014)。以樂觀信念、正向意義及正向情緒融入服務學習課程之量化研究。課程與教學季刊,17(1),145-177。
  3. 張民杰(2005)。職前教師培育課程中應用服務學習之設計與實施─師資生焦點團體的意見分析。教育理論與實踐學刊,14,93-107。
  4. 黃培真(2012)。技職大專生參與服務學習課程之案例分析─以致理技術學院國際貿易系為例。教育科學期刊,11(2),41-68。
  5. Bushouse, B. K.(2005).Community nonprofit organizations and service-learning: Resource constrains to building partnerships with universities.Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning,12,32-40.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉若蘭、李育齊(2018)。國中生參與服務學習課程方案歷程經驗、服務投入態度與學習成果之研究。課程與教學,21(2),141-168。
  2. 林銘雄(2020)。服務學習如何培養企業最愛大學生職能之初探。學生事務與輔導,59(1),1-6。
  3. 蔡雅涵(2021)。大學生參與服務學習課程經驗與領導力發展之研究:以國立臺灣師範大學服務學習活動設計與實施課程為例。學生事務與輔導,59(4),38-57。
  4. 鄭至玉,黃弘州(2020)。大學生社團服務學習營隊夥伴關係研究:以被服務者的觀點論之。學生事務與輔導,59(1),30-46。
  5. (2019)。大學服務學習課程品質、希望感與學習成效之研究。教育學刊,53,41-80。
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