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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳崇旗、謝智謀(2003)。淺談青少年休閒營對活動籌辦之考慮因素與策略應用:「產品屬性」及「休閒阻礙」的觀點。大專體育,64,48-54。
    2. 林房儹(2003)。運動產業分類與4P模式之探討。運動管理學報,2,1-12。
    3. 蔡守浦、何建德(2003)。大眾傳播媒體與職業運動營運之初探:以CBA職籃為例。大專體育,65,61-65。
    4. 莫季雍(1999):運動節目閱聽眾:一個偏好閱聽眾群的社會人口面向及傳播行為分析。中華傳播學會網址93年8月10日,資料引自中華論文/p9-1.htm
    5. Pitts, B. G.,Fielding, L. W.,Miller, L.(1994).Industry segmentation theory and the sport industry: Developing a sport industry segment model.Sport Marketing Quarterly,3(1),15-24.
    Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張家銘(Chia-Ming Chang);孫美蓮(Meu-Lian Sun);林素婷(Suh-Ting Lin);戴華蒂(Hua-Di Dai)(2021)。教練家長式領導行為與選手人格特質對運動團隊共享心智模型的影響。運動休閒管理學報。18(1)。161-174。 
    2. 蘇榮裕(Jung-Yu Su)(2015)。計畫行為理論應用在中華職棒現場觀眾運動賞析行為之研究。運動休閒管理學報。12(1)。85-96。 
    3. 鄭文蕊(2007)。臺北市Y世代學生觀賞SBL之媒介使用動機與使用行為研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2007。1-95。
    4. 高于婷(2009)。中華職棒球員報紙新聞照片之分析─以2008年自由時報為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2009。1-125。
    5. 廖耿偉(2014)。電視轉播2011年中華職業棒球總冠軍系列賽主播與球評對賽事播報內容之研究—以ELTA體育台為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-101。
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