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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Shu, B. C.,Hsieh, H. C.,Hsieh, S. C.,Li, S. M.(2001).Toward an understanding of mothering: the care giving process of mothers with autistic children.Journal of Nursing Research,9,203-213.
  2. Shu, B. C.,Lo, L. H.,Lin. L. L.,Hsieh, S. C.,Li, S. M.,Wu, S. C.(2006).Process of self-identity transformation in women with autistic adolescents.Journal of Nursing Research,14,55-64.
  3. 王嘉葦、王瓊珠(2005)。句型問答教學對國小高功能自閉症兒童問句理解之影響。特殊教育研究學刊,29,151-174。
  4. 吳進欽、姜忠信、侯育銘(2005)。自閉症兒童的立即模仿與延遲模仿之研究。中華心理衛生學刊,18,1-24。
  5. 李玲玉、詹乃穎、何函儒、鄭如晶、蘇秀娟(2005)。音樂治療對自閉症幼兒發展之成效探討。特殊教育學報,21,1-22。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李偲瑋(2012)。探討臺灣地區廣泛性發展障礙患者醫療利用現況及其影響因素。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-169。 
  2. 陳如凡(2011)。人際發展介入方案對亞斯伯格學生共同調控能力的影響。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-200。
  3. 王麗貞(2011)。低功能自閉症青少年人際發展介入方案之行動研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-217。
  4. 翁毅蘋(2012)。以生理指標和臉部表情辨識自閉症學童的情緒。中正大學心理學系學位論文。2012。1-86。
  5. 王瑋璘(2013)。不同智力亞斯柏格症國中生之過度激動特質探究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-121。
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