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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪永泰(2004)。原始樣本、替代樣本、與追蹤樣本的比較:「2001年台灣選舉與民主化調查研究」訪問失敗問題的探討。選舉研究,10(2),37-58。
  2. 行政院人事行政局 (2006)。有關96年起行政機關績效獎金及績效管理制度相關事宜。2006年12月29日,取自 :。
  3. 李姿慧、王家俊 (2009)。監理所內玩 Facebook 公務員上班忙「種菜」,「開心農場」遊戲夯 民罵 : 工作太閒氣死人,2009年9月20日,取自 :。
  4. 唐佩君 (2009)。總統盼公務員聞聲救苦,人事局擬納入考核,2009年1月1日,取自 :。
  5. 黃村杉 (2010)。北縣/清潔隊員聚賭,記過扣獎金,2010年5月8日,取自 :。
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張其祿(2015)。公共服務動機概念操作與應用之研究紀要。中國行政評論,21(1),1-14。
  2. 李俊達(2015)。應用人格測驗於文官考選之可行性分析。中國行政評論,21(4),49-69。
  3. 簡鈺珒、陳敦源、張鎧如、李仲彬(2015)。探索臺灣公務人員工作績效之影響因素:能力、動機與機會的整合觀點。東吳政治學報,33(4),1-71。
  4. 郭怡貞,吳宗憲(2019)。動保文官同情疲勞現象、成因、影響及因應策略之思辨。東吳政治學報,37(1),115-172。
  5. 鄭國泰、郭耀昌(2016)。逆境商數與心理擁有感之研究:臺灣省政府個案分析。文官制度季刊,8(1),49-75。
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