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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家銘(2006)。運動賽會之運動觀光客參與行為模式之研究:以2004年澎湖世界華人馬拉松路跑賽會爲例。大專體育學刊,8(2),37-50。
  2. 彭小惠(2005)。UBA主場運動觀眾之觀賞動機與滿意度研究。台灣體育運動管理學報,3,1-24。
  3. 黃仲凌、高俊雄(2005)。台灣離島大專學生休閒參與動機與滿意度之相關研究。大專體育學刊,7(1),51-66。
  4. Hunt, K. A.,Bristol, T.,Bashaw, R. E.(1999).A conceptual approach to classifying sports fans.Journal of Services Marketing,13(6),439-452.
  5. Kishton, J. M.,Widaman, K. F.(1994).Unidimentional versus domain representative parceling of questionnaire items: An empirical example.Educational and Psychological Measurement,54(3),757-765.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣光明(Kuang-Ming Chiang)(2019)。鐵人三項參與者動機、運動觀光吸引力、服務品質對參與者滿意度及再參加意願之影響-以2018 Ironman廈門站為例。運動休閒管理學報。16(3)。52-79。 
  2. 徐茂洲(Mao-Chou Hsu);顏君彰(Chun-Chang Yen);蘇維杉(Wei-Shan Su)(2015)。運動觀光論文應用結構方程模型之研究。運動休閒管理學報。12(1)。37-56。 
  3. 鍾潤華(Jun-Hua Chung)(2015)。Lamigo桃猿球迷參與中華職棒賽事動機與忠誠度之研究。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。14(3)。74-87。 
  4. 吳亮頤(2010)。運動賽會觀賞者觀光意象及滿意度之相關研究--以2009世界運動會為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-127。
  5. 蘇郁卿(2013)。太魯閣峽谷馬拉松賽參與型運動觀光客行為模式之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-103。
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