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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊林貴、蔡一鳴、曾慶裕、王秀銀(2002)。青棒投手不同投球法之投球速度與肩關節等速肌力的相關性之研究。北體學報,10,83-92。
  2. 莊林貴、蔡一鳴、曾慶裕、王秀銀(2002)。青棒投手不同投球法之投球速度與肩關節等速肌力的相關性之研究。北體學報,10,83-92。
  3. Alderink, G. J.,Kuck, D. J.(1986).Isokinetic shoulder strength of high school and collegeaged pitchers.Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy,4,163-172.
  4. Bartlett, L. R.,Storey, M. D.,Simons, B. D.(1989).Measurement of upper extremity torque production and its relationship to throwing speed in competitive athlete.American Journal of Sports Medicine,17,89-91.
  5. Chen, C. M.,Tang, W. T.(2003).Comparison between isokintic strength and applied torque in the upper extremity during pitching by collegiate baseball pitchers.Paper presented at the International Society of Biomechanics XIXth Congress.
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉佳哲、張曉昀、張碧峰(2017)。動態平衡能力及肩關節肌力與棒球投手投球表現之關聯。運動教練科學,45,1-11。
  2. 徐嘉良、林宗賢(2010)。全球化潮流下棒球人才之流動對臺灣棒球環境的影響。中華體育季刊,24(2),138-146。
  3. 林威秀、何致穎(2017)。大專甲組雙、單打羽球選手肩關節肌力與關節活動範圍之比較。華人運動生物力學期刊,14(1),8-16。
  4. 游晴惠,陳重佑,林正常(2020)。投擲工作與上肢肌力測量。文化體育學刊,31,83-94。
  5. 蔡少偉,陳羿揚,邱文信(2019)。六週過肩投擲練習對國小六年級學童投擲動作表現的影響。體育學報,52(3),329-339。
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