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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 苖桂蓉、郭靜姿(2009)。國小舞蹈班學生即興創作課程心流經驗之調查研究。資優教育研究,9(1),1-24。
  2. 馮麗花、李淑玲(2004)。運動員壓力來源及因應策略之探討。大專體育,74,171-178。
  3. 黃振紅(2004)。淡水地區大學生休閒運動參與及幸福感之研究。大專體育學刊,6(3),43-57。
  4. Ábrahám, J.,Velenczei, A.,Szabo, A.(2012).Perceived determinants of well-being and enjoyment level of leisure activities.Leisure Sciences,34(3),199-216.
  5. Baron, R. M.,Kenny, D. A.(1986).The moderatormediator variable distinctioninsocial psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,51(6),1173-1182.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張可欣(Ko-Hsin Chang);洪至祥(Chih-Hsiang Hung)(2022)。軍校生排球運動熱情、樂趣、涉入程度對幸福感之預測。運動休閒管理學報。19(1)。78-94。 
  2. 陳世能(Shih-Neng Chen)(2021)。台灣地區各年齡層兩性運動現況與幸福感分析-107~108年運動現況調查。運動休閒管理學報。18(2)。56-79。 
  3. 韓俜亭(Ping-Ting Han);洪瑞兒(Zuway-R Hong);魯盈讌(Ying-Yan Lu);林煥祥(Huann-Shyang Lin);王薪惠(Hsin-Hui Wang);黃愛雅(Ai-Ya Huang)(2021)。大學運動績優排球選手自我統合與幸福感之差異及相關研究。教育科學研究期刊。66(2)。111-144。 
  4. 蔡定昌(2014)。以運動心理技能為中介變項探討社會支持與情緒智力 對自我效能之影響-以南投縣高中體育班為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-94。
  5. 馮育豪(2014)。網球參與者休閒涉入、流暢體驗與運動幸福感之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-91。
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