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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昌雄、陳禹辰(2000)。技術累積與技術成熟度:組織運用新興資訊科技的時間效應。資訊管理學報,7(1),1-18。
  2. 譚伯群、林清河、施坤壽、張音(2000)。網際網路應用與經營策略及資訊化成熟度之關係:台灣製造業實證研究。管理評論,19(1),151-182。
  3. Agarwal, R.,Prasad, J.(1997).The Role of Innovation Characteristics and Perceived Voluntariness in the Acceptance of Information Technologies.Decision Sciences,28(3),557-582.
  4. Ajzen, I.(1991).The Theory of Planned Behavior.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,50(2),179-211.
  5. Anruachalam, V.(1995).EDT: An Analysis of Adoption, Uses, Benefits and Barriers.Journal of Systems Management,46(2),60-65.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖美雅(2009)。臺中市地方稅務局資訊科技創新與組織抗拒之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2009。1-138。 
  2. 簡子晴(2011)。影響企業導入電子發票意願之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-71。
  3. 廖珮妏(2011)。企業導入數位學習之創新擴散通用模型與整合型科技接受模式的多層次分析。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2011。1-128。
  4. 廖盈琦(2012)。影響企業採用行動商務服務及行為意願之影響因素─台灣中部企業之實證研究。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2012。1-82。
  5. 嚴羚瑋(2013)。以創新擴散理論探討擴增實境導入供應鏈之關鍵因素-以服飾流通業為例。中正大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2013。1-114。
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