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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芳如、蔣佳雯(2004)。學術性圖書館績效管理之研究:以國立政治大學圖書館為例。圖書與資訊學刊,48,71-90。
  2. 粘孝堉、李分明、曾倫崇(2003)。大專院校推展平衡計分卡之研究。品質月刊,39(11),76-79。
  3. 曾菁敏、吳奕潔(2004)。不動產仲介經紀業的關鍵成功因素及平衡計分卡之應用-以信義房屋為例。土地問題研究季刊,3(2),110-121。
  4. 葉連祺、馬榕曼(2004)。平衡計分卡在中小學行政決策之應用。學校行政,29,38-58。
  5. Carr, K. K.,Kazanowski, M. K.(1994).Factors affecting job satisfaction of nurses who work in long-term care.Journal of Advanced Nursing,19(5),878-883.
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇世名(2011)。民間參與公共建設案營運績效評估之研究-以臺北車站特定專用區交九用地開發案為例。交通大學運輸科技與管理學系學位論文。2011。1-69。 
  2. 李如雯(2013)。某精神專科醫院住院病人自動出院改善措施之效果評價。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-57。 
  3. 游馥容(2012)。門診病人對護理服務滿意度之探討 -比較病人期待與實際感受之差異。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-167。 
  4. 李孟羲(2012)。護理之家督導考核量表信度效度測試/實證性研究。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-120。 
  5. 洪秀芬(2006)。應用平衡計分卡提升績效之研究 ----以某公立區域教學醫院總務室為例。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-35。 
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