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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. A merican Psychiatric Association (APA)(2000).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.Text revision. Arlington, VA:A merican Psychiatric Association (APA).
  2. Bagby, R. M.,Ryder, A. G.,Schuller, D. R.,Marshall, M. B.(2004).The hamilton depression rating scale: Has the gold standard become a lead weight.American Journal of Psychiatry,161(12),2163-2177.
  3. Beck, A. T.,Steer, R. A.,Brown, G. K.(1996).Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ manual.San Antonio, TX:The Psychological Corporation.
  4. Birelson, P.(1981).The validity of depressive disorder in childhood and development of a self-rating scale: A research project.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,22,73-88.
  5. Chien, C. P.,Cheng, T. A.(1985).Depression in Taiwan: Epidemiological survey utilizing CES-D.Bulletin of Japanese Society of Neurology and Psychiatry,87,335-338.
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝文琦(2014)。壓力情緒自我評估問卷電腦化之驗證。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-69。 
  2. 黃薇(2014)。大學生飲用含糖飲料與情緒及營養攝取相關性之研究-以中部某大學為研究對象。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2014。1-118。 
  3. 朱慶朝(2011)。探討唾液中可體松濃度與護專生實習壓力相關健康效應之研究。長榮大學職業安全與衛生學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  4. 李承傑(Cheng-Chieh Li);魏琦芳(Chi-Fang Wei);董旭英(Yuk-Ying Tung)(2017)。「護理學生學業復原力量表」之發展與信效度檢定。護理雜誌。64(5)。30-40。 
  5. 巫姿嫺(2010)。大學生生活壓力、心理資本與憂鬱之關係。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-120。
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