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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋曜廷、周業太、吳佩璵、林秀珊、曾芬蘭(2010)。從學校本位評量省思臺灣擴大免試入學方案。教育科學研究期刊,55(2),73-112。
  2. 宋曜廷、黃瓅瑩、郭念平、曾芬蘭(2012)。以縱貫學業表現驗大魚小池效應與見賢思齊效應。中華心理學刊,54(3),315-330。
  3. 教育部(1998)。高級中學多元入學方案 。臺北市:作者。
  4. 教育部(2009)。擴大高中職及五專免試入學實施方案。十二年國民基本教育先導計畫子計畫4:「調整高中職入學方式」 。臺北市:作者。
  5. Ang, R. P.,Huan, V. S.(2006).Academic Expectations Stress Inventory (AESI): Development, factor analysis, reliability and validity.Educational and Psychological Measurement,66,522-539.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張鑑如、李俊仁、王馨敏(2015)。「二至五歲幼兒認知發展家長問卷」之編製。測驗學刊,62(4),279-302。
  2. 曾芬蘭、周業太、宋曜廷(2014)。十二年國民基本教育的入學考試與評量變革。教育科學研究期刊,59(1),1-32。
  3. 許崇憲(2017)。學業競爭及升學因應策略對心理困擾的影響。教育心理學報,49(1),43-67。
  4. 趙子揚,宋曜廷(2019)。中學生考試壓力與個人特性:潛在類別分析。教育科學研究期刊,64(3),203-235。
  5. 趙子揚、郭蕙寧、張瑩瑩、宋曜廷(2018)。中學生考試壓力團體方案之成效。教育心理學報,50(1),31-52。
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