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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋曜廷、趙子揚、王雅鈴、黃瓅瑩、陳佳蓉、曾芬蘭(2013)。「中學生考試壓力量表」之編製及其信度與效度之分析。測驗學刊,60(2),291-318。
  2. Barkley, R. A.(1997).Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: a unifying theory of ADHD.Psychological Bulletin,121(1),65-94.
  3. Bower, G. A.(Ed.)(1974).Recent advances in learning and motivation.New York, NY:Academic Press.
  4. Bull, R.,Espy, K. A.,Wiebe, S. A.(2008).Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: Longitudinal predictors of mathematical achie-vement at age 7 years.Developmental Neuropsychology,33(3),205-228.
  5. Bull, R.,Scerif, G.(2001).Executive functioning as a predictor of children's mathematics ability: Inhibition, switching, and working memory.Developmental Neuropsychology,19(3),273-293.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉惠美,張鑑如,林佳慧(2019)。家庭脈絡下的親子共讀與幼兒發展關係-臺灣幼兒發展調查資料庫的應用與分析。教育心理學報,51(1),135-159。
  2. 楊婧,張鑑如(2021)。臺灣幼兒電子產品的使用及對幼兒發展的影響:臺灣幼兒發展調查資料庫之運用。教育心理學報,53(2),257-284。
  3. 黃金蘭,陳孟筳,張硯評,林以正(2020)。親子共讀對新住民孩童心理社會發展困境之緩衝效果。教育心理學報,52(2),389-414。
  4. (2020)。幼兒家庭環境與認知能力及語言能力之相關研究。教育研究月刊,319,86-100。
  5. (2022)。以環境多樣、學習材料、學習刺激對新住民幼兒及本地幼兒之認知能力、語言能力、社會能力與情緒能力的影響:多重中介模式檢定。當代教育研究季刊,30(4),41-43+45。
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