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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 10 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 政府再造的觀念與做法
  2. 李宗鴻(2003)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。屏東縣,屏東師範學院體育學系碩士班。
  3. 官文炎(1995)。巨蛋的探索。臺北市:一品文化事業有限公司。
  4. 官文炎(1996)。圓頂運動場(Dome)經營成功的策略探討-以東京巨蛋(Tokyo Dome)為例。北體學報,5,161-176。
  5. 高俊雄(1998)。運動服務管理-實務個案。臺北市:師大書苑。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂佩容(2012)。特殊活動之運輸需求行為分析-以台北小巨蛋演唱會為例。中原大學土木工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-120。 
  2. 常心耀(2010)。博弈產業之法規範研究 -以運動彩券發行條例之修正與配套措施為中心-。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-190。 
  3. 吳易鍾(2010)。大型室內多功能體育館建築經營管理階段之研究以臺北小巨蛋為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2010。1-78。 
  4. 何景揚(2009)。企業性與公共性的對話:台北小巨蛋經營模式之探究。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2009。1-85。
  5. 張育慈(2013)。大專院校運動場館經營管理之個案研究-以國立中正大學運動故事館為例。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-285。
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