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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建文、李有仁、嚴秀茹、鄭江宇(2008)。消費者使用購物網站之行為模式。資訊管理學報,15(3),1-27。
  2. Lee, K.O. (1999). A Comprehensive Model of Internet Consumer, Satisfaction,Unpublished Working Paper, City University of Hong Kong.
  3. Anand, K. S.,Aron, R.(2003).Group Buying on the Web: A Comparison of Price-discovery Mechanisms.Management Science,49(11),1546-1562.
  4. Baird, I. S.,Howard, T.(1985).Toward A Contingency Model of Strategic Risk Taking.The Academy of Management Review,10,230-243.
  5. Baty, J. B. II.,Lee, R. M.(1995).Intershop: Enhancing the Vendor/Customer Dialectic in Electronic Shopping.Journal of Management Information Systems,11(1),9-32.
Times Cited ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃建雄(2013)。機車經銷商管理資訊系統接受度之探討-以某品牌為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2013。1-55。 
  2. 陳柏蓁(2011)。影響網路合購消費者之再購意願研究 ─ 以期望確認理論為基礎。長榮大學資訊管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-160。 
  3. 李孟潔(2015)。資訊揭露、信任、搜尋成本對網路團購意願之實證研究。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2015。1-89。 
  4. 楊智惠(2014)。資訊倫理涉入度對其豐富度認知與學習成效影響之探討。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2014。1-80。 
  5. 徐雅琪(2012)。桃園縣國民小學教師生活型態與團購消費行為相關之研究。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-158。
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