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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周玉真、蕭文(2003)。社區諮商個案應用社會網絡之經驗分析。彰化師大輔導學報,24(2),107-138。
  2. 張虹雯、陳金燕(2010)。憂鬱情緒當事人之求助歷程與影響因子研究。中華輔導諮商學報,27(1),1-38。
  3. 張虹雯、陳金燕(2004)。諮商當事人求助行為之分析研究—以彰師社諮中心為例。彰化師大輔導學報,26(2),57-86。
  4. 張聖德(2007)。三軍官校學生軍事化與求助態度、求助行為間關係之探析。中華輔導學報,21,99-134。
  5. 葉雅馨、林家興(2006)。台灣民眾憂鬱程度與求助行為的調查研究。中華心理衛生學刊,19(2),125-148。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何翎毓,王鶯璇(2021)。大專院校學生之心理健康與自殺防治。諮商與輔導,422,10-13。
  2. 張虹雯(2018)。社區心理諮商實務之經驗彙整:心理諮商服務流程。輔導季刊,54(1),8-15。
  3. 簡亦成,陳俊廷,翁立安,周子勛,丁冠芝(2020)。自我汙名化與求助延宕的關聯:求助希望感的效果探究。輔導季刊,56(2),41-53。
  4. 顏原達,陳增穎(2019)。雙重「被污名化的死亡」對遺族悲傷經驗影響之探究。輔導與諮商學報,41(1),1-19。
  5. (2020)。後期中等教育階段學生之學習困擾與憂鬱情緒關係探究:圾自我效能為調節變項。教育政策論壇,23(3),101-136。
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