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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德蕙、李奕璇、曾芬蘭、宋曜廷(2013)。國民中學學生基本學力測驗寫作測驗─信度與效度分析研究。測驗學刊,6(1),151-184。
  2. ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines 2012 – Writing. 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2014, from
  3. American University Center of Provence. (n. a.). Common European framework of reference: Level breakdown and equivalencies – French. Retrieved May 13, 2013 from
  4. AP Chinese Language and Culture. Retrieved March 5, 2013, from
  5. 中國漢語水準考試。上網日期:2013 年3 月5 日。網址[HSK: The Chinese Proficiency Test. Retrieved March 5, 2013, from]
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. SUNG, Yao-Ting,HONG, Jia-Fei,CHANG, Tao-Hsing(2015).Automatically Detecting Syntactic Errors in Sentences Written by Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language.中文計算語言學期刊,20(1),49-64.
  2. 羅曉勤(2019)。『十二年國民基本教育課程綱要:語文領域-第二外國語文』における日本語Level-1の教材開発-台湾若年層学習者の社会.生活文脈を中心に-。台灣日語教育學報,32,105-134。
  3. 藍珮君,彭淑惠,陳柏熹(2019)。華語文寫作測驗信度與評分規準適切性研究-以流利精通級摘要寫作題型為例。華語文教學研究,16(2),75-102。
  4. 陳燕秋(2021)。疫情期間AES-Han電腦自動化批改系統對外籍生華語寫作課堂型態所產生的改變與革新。華語文教學研究,18(2),37-68。
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