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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高毓秀、黃奕清(2000)。成年人運動行爲影響因素之徑路分析。護理研究,8(4),435-445。
  2. 蔡英美(2005)。碩士論文(碩士論文)。桃園縣,國立體育學院。
  3. Bandura, A.(1977).Social-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change.Psychological Review,84(2),191-215.
  4. Cardinal, B. J.(1997).Construct validity of stages of change for exercise behavior.American Journal of Health Promotion,12(1),68-74.
  5. Carroll, B.,Alexandris, K.(1997).Perception of constraints and strength of motivation: Their relationship to recreational sport participation in Greece.Journal of Leisure Research,29(3),279-299.
Times Cited ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美慧(2008)。臨床護理人員工作壓力與運動心理因素之關係探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2008。1-86。 
  2. 梁家銘(2014)。具結直腸癌家族史族群的身體活動狀態及其相關因子之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-144。 
  3. 李幸容(2011)。衛生教育介入對日間留院精神病患體重管理之成效探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2011。1-145。 
  4. 邱郁耘(Yu‐Yun Chiu);林淑緩(Shu‐Shuan Lin);張淑琴(Shu‐Chin Chang);李玲玲(Ling‐Ling Lee)(2015)。社區老年人運動持續性之影響因素。護理暨健康照護研究。11(1)。43-52。 
  5. 林志偉(Chih-Wei Lin);蕭宗璿(Tsung-Hsuan Hsiao)(2015)。應用健康信念模式探討高科技產業工作者運動行為意圖之影響因素。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。14(3)。57-73。 
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