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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建瑋、季力康(2009)。大學生不同運動階段基本心理需求與主觀幸福感之相關研究。體育學報,42,25-37。
  2. 蔡俊傑、潘哲偉(2009)。健身運動心理需求滿足感量表編製與研究簡介。大專體育,103,116-122。
  3. 蘇美如、黃英哲(2009)。國小體育教師支持和學生體育課參與動機歷程之關係—應用自我決定理論。臺灣運體心理學報,14,33-50。
  4. Bagozzi, R. P.,Yi, Y.(1988).On the evaluation of structural equation models.Academy of Marketing Science,16,74-94.
  5. Bentler, P. M.,Wu, E. J. C.(1993).WQS/Windows user's guide.Los Angels:BMDP Statistical Software.
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊亮梅、陳俊民(2016)。運動員基本心理需求量表之初探。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,15(3),1-11。
  2. 楊雪子、王傑賢、方佩欣(2014)。性別對大專院校學生自主休閒運動參與動機之影響。臺灣運動心理學報,14(2),51-65。
  3. 葉素汝、林季燕(2012)。以基本需求理論探討社會體型焦慮、身體形象與舞蹈自覺能力對舞蹈參與動機的預測。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,11(3),10-19。
  4. 葉麗琴、葉麗珠(2012)。自我決定理論在健身運動領域之驗證。大專體育學刊,14(2),188-196。
  5. 鄭志富、陳天賜、王傑賢(2015)。大專職員休閒運動參與關係感、社會休閒滿意與主觀幸福感之相關研究─以國立臺灣師範大學為例。台灣體育運動管理學報,15(2),333-350。
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