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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方佩欣、張少熙、蕭玲妃(2013)。臺北市運動中心使用者之自覺健康狀態、參與動機、休閒涉入及休閒滿意之相關研究。臺大體育學報,24,37-48。
  2. 吳明蒼、柳立偉、林青輝(2011)。休閒滿意之探討。臺中學院體育,8,97-112。
  3. 吳崇旗、王偉琴(2006)。大學生休閒參與、休閒滿意與主觀幸福感之相關研究。臺灣體育運動管理學報,4,153-168。
  4. 李德仁、莊國上、黃雅陵(2008)。大專學生休閒態度與休閒滿意度之研究─以長庚技術學院為例。北體學報,16,295-308。
  5. 洪升呈(2010)。大專學生之背景與休閒動機之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,5(2),86-106。
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑞玲、林作慶(2015)。十週運動文學課程對國中生運動態度及運動動機影響之研究─以桃園某國中導讀棒球運動文學為例。運動休閒餐旅研究,10(2),1-17。
  2. 張甄珍、邵于玲、林靖綺(2017)。企業對運動員贊助策略之分析:以男子與女子職業選手為例。臺灣運動心理學報,17(2),33-48。
  3. 林季燕(2015)。大學生休閒運動涉入、休閒運動滿意度對真實快樂之影響。臺灣運動心理學報,15(2),19-37。
  4. 盧瑞華、劉麗美、劉杏元、陳海焦(2016)。定向輔導對新生校園經驗影響之研究。學生事務與輔導,55(2),20-39。
  5. 簡宏儒,詹皓安,張高雯(2018)。跑者之慢跑行為特性與社經背景對慢跑環境因子重要程度之影響。造園景觀學報,22(1),69-89。
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