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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美霞、馬上閔、林秀卿(2016)。有氧舞蹈課程學員工作壓力、效能、調適策略及涉入程度之研究。成大體育,48(1),32-48。
  2. 李志峰(2010)。大葉大學學生體育課程、運動設施需求與教學滿意度、選課考量因素之調查研究。人文暨社會科學期刊,6(2),23-34。
  3. 李宜錫(2006)。南部地區大專學生國術課程之學習態度、學習滿意度及再修課意願之相關研究。休閒運動期刊,5,39-48。
  4. 李明儒、郭家瑜(2011)。探討參與帆船運動者的參與動機、活動涉入及流暢體驗之研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,6(1),95-109。
  5. 林保源、洪大程、吳榮文(2011)。臺灣地區大專校院學生體育課修習意願與滿意度之研究。休閒運動保健學報,2,12-29。 doi: 10.6204/JRSHP.2011.02.02
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張可欣(Ko-Hsin Chang);洪至祥(Chih-Hsiang Hung)(2022)。軍校生排球運動熱情、樂趣、涉入程度對幸福感之預測。運動休閒管理學報。19(1)。78-94。 
  2. 張景弘(Ching-Hung Chang);楊翰宗(Han-Chung Yang);張益銘(Yi-Ming Chang)(2020)。活動涉入與知識對露營參與行為之影響。運動休閒管理學報。17(3)。12-24。 
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