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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳忠芳、李建平、郭世傑(2006)。網球單打比賽的生理學分析。運動生理暨體能學報,4,21-28。
  2. 陳俊華、陳坤檸(2004)。預估9-12歲男童最大攝氧量之研究。大專體育學刊,6(1),263-273。
  3. 蔡櫻蘭、邱思慈(2006)。10-11歲女童20公尺漸速來回跑測驗的信度和效度。大專體育學刊,8(1),125-131。
  4. 黎俊彥、林威秀(2002)。幼童與成人體溫調節能力差異之探討。中華體育季刊,16(3),9-15。
  5. 蘇玫尹、林嘉志、謝伸裕(2006)。以下肢長度調整階高之登階測驗的效度與信度分析。大專體育學刊,8(2),87-94。
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁龍鏡(2008)。大專女子網球單打與雙打正式比賽運動強度之個案分析。大專體育學刊,10(4),83-92。
  2. 梁龍鏡(2010)。2009東方錶盃女子網球單打正式比賽競賽特徵與心跳率之相關。運動教練科學,17,53-64。
  3. 羅志勇、賴正全(2014)。比賽勝負結果下不同比賽類別與時期對男子網球單打比賽心跳率之影響。成大體育,46(2),67-82。
  4. 黎俊彥、梁龍鏡、范姜文妏(2008)。女子網球單打正式比賽特徵與心跳率相關之個案分析。運動生理暨體能學報,8,25-33。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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