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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李維靈、施建彬、邱翔蘭(2007)。老人生活需求之研究─以台南市松柏育樂中心松柏學苑為例.退休老人休閒活動參與及其幸福感之相關研究。人文暨社會科學期刊,3(2),27-35。
  2. 洪升呈(2005)。身體活動對老年人心理健康的影響。大專體育,78,153-157。
  3. 張君如、李敏慧、蔡桂城(2008)。休閒參與對銀髮族社會支持、自覺健康狀況、生活效能之影響-以台中市長青學苑老人為例。長榮運動休閒學刊,2,152-161。
  4. Almeida, O. P.,Norman, P.,Hankey, G.,Jamrozik, K.,Flicker, L.(2006).Successful mental health aging: Results from a longitudinal study of older Australian men.American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry,14(1),27-35.
  5. Angel, R. J.(2009).Structural and cultural factors in successful aging among older Hispanics.Family Community Health,32(1),46-57.
Times Cited ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李欣怡(2012)。高齡者宗教性、靈性安適感及成功老化的生活滿意度之相關研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-124。 
  2. 黃家虹(2012)。從嬰兒潮世代探討台北市公共圖書館高齡讀者服務。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-149。 
  3. 李玲玲(Ling-Ling Lee);林淑緩(Shu-Shuan Lin);嚴嘉楓(Chia-Feng Yen);莊瑞菱(Jui-Ling Chuang)(2016)。原、漢老人健康需求比較研究。護理雜誌。63(2)。58-68。 
  4. 張菁惠(2010)。高齡者的社區意識與生活滿意度之相關性探討─以集合式養生住宅為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2010。1-125。
  5. 林佳慧(2010)。老人健康與社經狀況的改變對生活滿意度之影響:台灣貫時性之分析。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-81。
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