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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署 (2010). 取自
  2. Alfred, H.,Joseph, P. O.(2004).Public-Access defibrillation and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.N Eng. J Med,351,637-46.
  3. David, E. P.,Craig, B. K.,Richard, N.B.(2003).Cardiac arrest survival as a function of ambulance deployment strategy in a large urban emergency medical services system.Resuscitation,59,97-104.
  4. Gillum, R. F.(1989).Sudden coronary death in the United States: 1980- 1985.Circulation,79,756-765.
  5. Lee, Y.,Lin, R. S.,Sung, F. C.,Yang, C.,Chien, K.,Chen, W.,Su, T.,Hsu, H.,Huang, Y.(2000).Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort inTaiwan-baseline data and five-year follow-up morbidity and mortality.Journal of Clinic Epidemiology,53,838-846.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄒雅雯(2013)。太陽能發電與緊急醫療之呼吸防護整合可行性研究。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-69。 
  2. 江俊宜(2012)。探討緊急救護技術員之急性腦中風到院前救護行為意圖及其相關因素-以東台灣為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-87。
  3. 潘威丞(2015)。自動心臟按摩與行動遠距醫療之系統整合。中原大學生物醫學工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-94。
  4. 張惠娟(2016)。到院前心肺功能停止病患恢復自發性循環之到院前相關因素探討-以嘉義某區域教學醫院為例。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-75。
  5. 許廣智(2017)。高雄市政府消防局救護技術員執行到院前12導程心電圖檢查意願之探討。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-107。
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