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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chen, M. H.,Hong, S. B.(2005).An Empirical Study of the Relationship between Corporate Governance, Ownership Structure and Performance.Journal of Business Administration,65,129-153.
  2. Chien, C. Y.,Chen, Y. M.(2009).The Impact of Auditor Industry Specialization and Independent Directors/Supervisors on the Capital Cost of Newly Issued Corporate Bonds.Journal of Contemporary Accounting,1,99-130.
  3. 周智強、黃炳文(2008)。台灣食品及飲料製造業市場結構─行為─績效關聯之研究─兼論研發角色與不同時點比較。農業經濟叢刊,14,149-174。
  4. 林有志、李誠謙(2005)。員工紅利資訊內涵。文大商管學報,10(1),29-52。
  5. 陳美華、洪世炳(2005)。公司治理、股權結構與公司績效關係之實證研究。企業管理學報,65,129-153。
Times Cited ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳宏祥(2015)。借殼上市、董事會組成及特性與公司績效。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-63。 
  2. 鄭秀玲(2013)。現金增資用途、股權結構與公司長期經營績效關係之研究-以台灣上市上櫃公司為例。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-43。 
  3. 陳柏寧(2005)。企業投資人關係與企業價值關聯性之研究-以上市資訊電子產業為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-91。 
  4. 曹祐昌(2013)。台灣上市櫃IC設計公司之公司治理、員工分紅、多角化程度與經營績效關係之研究。交通大學管理學院經營管理學程學位論文。2013。1-44。 
  5. 楊凱文(2017)。台灣印刷電路板產業策略群組研究—結構關係與動態發展觀點。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2017。1-67。 
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