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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁振益、林若慧、吳芳儀(2006)。認真休閒者之動機、承諾與休閒結果關係之研究-以非營利組織志工爲例。戶外遊憩研究,19(1),77-100。
  2. 顏家芝、薛雅丹、黃文卿(2006)。從深度休閒理論探討太魯閣國家公園解說志工對解說服務之投入程度與其深度休閒特質之關係。戶外遊憩研究,19(1),51-75。
  3. Adams, D. S.(1980).Elite and lower volunteers in a voluntary association: A study of an American Red Cross chapter.Journal of Voluntary Action Research,9,95-108.
  4. Beigbeder, Y.(1991).The role and status of international humanitarian volunteers and organizations: the right and duty to humanitarian assistance.London:Martinus Nijhoff.
  5. Broad, S.(2003).Living the Thai life-A case study of volunteer tourism at the Gibbon Rehabilitation Project, Thailand.Tourism Recreation Research,28(3),63-72.
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉金玲(2014)。國際性服務學習課程設計與執行:以絕代風華-印尼棉蘭華語營為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-165。 
  2. 郭昱洧(2011)。大專乙組網球選手之內在休閒動機與認真休閒特質對休閒涉入及休閒滿意度之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-102。
  3. 林湘蘋(2011)。臺灣赴歐青年志工之旅遊實踐與反思現代性研究。臺灣師範大學歐洲文化與觀光研究所學位論文。2011。1-142。
  4. 賴玉情(2012)。參與志願服務的動機、障礙與意願之關係研究─以桃園縣國民小學教師為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-149。
  5. 王寶慧(2013)。以深度休閒理論探討男性宗教志工服務經驗。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-185。
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