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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林衢良、張淑芬(2007)。撞球參與動機、撞球場館滿意度與行為意圖係之研究。輔仁大學體育學刊,6,70-86。
  2. 張淑青(2005)。顧客價值對顧客滿意與行為意圖影響的關鍵角色─學生實習餐廳之實證。朝陽商管評論,4(1),63-86。
  3. 鄭天明、李宗鴻(2006)。旗山老街遊客遊憩行為模式之研究。真理觀光學報,4,79-98。
  4. 蘇瑞蓮、金喆(2008)。觀光意象、知覺價值、服務品質、知覺風險對遊後行為意圖的影響─以苗栗縣西湖渡假村為例。聯大學報,5(1),181-200。
  5. Ajzen, I.,Driver, B. L.(1992).Application of the theory of planned behavior to leisure choice.Journal of Leisure Research,24,207-224.
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 嚴勝耀(2017)。休閒農場經營規劃之研究—以豐禧農場為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-52。 
  2. 蔡青芝(2016)。觀光意象對滿意度、重遊與推薦意願的影響-以臺北市士林夜市為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-98。
  3. 陳桂香(2017)。以行為意向模式整合相關理論去探討影響租稅逃漏行為之因素。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-102。
  4. 蕭雯鴻(2017)。球隊認同、地方依附與行為意圖之研究─以中信兄弟為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-63。
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