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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江香樺、 顏家芝(2003)。北投居民對觀光再發展影響之認知與態度研究。觀光研究學報,10(1),39-61。
  2. 吳宗瓊、朱育瑩、蔡秀玲(2004)。地方觀光行銷 策略之探討─墾丁地區節慶活動與非活動期間之不同。觀光研究學報,10(4),87-100。
  3. 李青松、車成緯(2009)。遊客對地方節慶活動的重視程度、滿意度與重遊意願之關係研究─以土城桐花節為例。運動與遊憩研究,4(1),49-72。
  4. 許興家、曾聖文、柳金財(2008)。動力結構、產業制度轉型與台灣節慶活動發展。聯大學報,5(1),77-99。
  5. 劉泳倫、施昱伶(2009)。鹿港端午節慶活動吸引力、旅遊滿意度與重遊意願之相關研究。休閒產業管理學刊,2(1),28-49。
Times Cited ( 11 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉貞鈺(2011)。農村體驗節慶推廣活動如何建構遊客地方依附:以2010年新埔鎮「新埔心‧照門情」節慶活動為例。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2011。1-147。 
  2. 林信宏(2011)。三地元宵節傳統節慶活動網路口碑之研究 ─以平溪、鹽水、台東為例。臺東大學社會科教育學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-41。 
  3. 劉建志(2012)。當代國語流行歌曲創作及相關問題之研究 — 90年代迄今之考察。臺灣大學中國文學研究所學位論文。2012。1-251。 
  4. 曾蘭淑(2011)。地方居民對於節慶活動的效益認知與認同感對活動支持度之研究-以鳳荔文化季為例。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-100。
  5. 郭季源(2013)。台灣廟會活動對地方觀光效益及民眾休閒效益之探討-以鹿港天后宮香期廟會為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-78。
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