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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋威穎、雷文谷、熊婉君(2010)。自行車道遊客旅遊目的地意象與行爲意圖之關係—以遊憩體驗爲中介變項之研究。休閒產業管理學刊,3(2),22-37。
  2. 張孝銘、李豪(2008)。觀光吸引力、遊憩體驗、遊憩滿意度及重遊意願之相關研究—以苗栗縣大湖鄉為實證。休閒產業管理學刊,1(2),57-69。
  3. 張良漢(2008)。建構登山者休閒利益與休閒滿意度的關係:休閒內在動機、休閒體驗所扮演的角色。大專體育學刊,10(3),27-40。
  4. 鄭天明、陳美存(2007)。以節慶活動吸引力探究遊客參與動機、滿意度與忠誠度之關係。觀光研究學報,13(4),327-346。
  5. Chang, C. Y. (1993). A study of market positioning of recreation areas. Dept of Horticulture, Natl Chung Hsing Univ, 133..
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳美如(2015)。情緒智商對顧客忠誠度之影響:以顧客滿意度為中介角色。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-58。 
  2. 王芝平(2014)。礁溪溫泉旅館之空間印象與再宿意願關係之研究-以A系列溫泉旅館為例。中原大學室內設計學系學位論文。2014。1-135。 
  3. 洪銘鴻(2012)。消費動機與知覺品質對顧客滿意度及忠誠度影響之研究 - 以好市多食品試吃為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-81。 
  4. 林玉雯(2009)。遊客旅遊動機、滿意度與忠誠度之相關探討 -以關子嶺風景區為例。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-61。
  5. 林祐群(2011)。促銷效果、廣告效果與顧客忠誠度之關係: 以全聯福利中心為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-71。
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