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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑華、陳清惠、顏妙芬(2006)•探討第二型糖尿病患 者轉換胰島素注射過程之促進與阻礙因素•實證護理, 2(1),14−23。[Wu, S. H., Chen, C. H., & Yen, M. F. (2006). An exploration of facilitators and inhibitors in relation to switching to insulin injection by patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Evidence-Base Nursing, 2(1), 14−23.] doi:10.6225/JEBN.2.1.14
  2. 林麗玲、陳麗琴、張玉梅、王苑萍、韓晶彥(2010)•某 醫學中心降低非計劃性急診返診之改善專案•長庚科 技學刊,12,15−26。[Lin, L. L., Chen, L. C., Chang, Y. M., Wang, W. P., & Han, Y. H. (2010). A project of decreasing unplanned emergency department revisit rate in a medical center. Journal of Chang Gung Institute of Technology, 12, 15−26.] doi:10.6192/CGUST.2010.6.12.4
  3. 陳美雪、林淑媛(2012)•光碟教學對改善長照機構護理 人員在導尿管相關泌尿道感染知識之成效•護理暨健 康照護研究,8(1),61−69。[Chen, M. S., & Lin, S. Y. (2012). Improving catheter-associated urinary tract infection knowledge in long-term care facility nurses: The efficacy of CD-ROM-based instruction. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 8(1), 61−69.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.8.1.63
  4. 陳素月、許淑蓮、張景盛、王東衡、黃明賢(2009)•自 我效能方案增進成人氣喘病患自我照顧行為之成效• 護理暨健康照護研究,5(1),31−41。[Chen, S. Y., Sheu, Sheila., Chang, C. S., Wang, T. H., & Huang, M. S. (2009). Self-efficacy and self-care behaviors in adult patients with asthma. Journal of Nursing and Health Care, 5(1), 31−41.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.5.1.31
  5. 葉美玲、陳興夏(2002)•互動式影音電腦輔助教學教材 之研發與測試•護理雜誌,49(1),55−59。[Yeh. M. L., & Chen, H. H. (2002). Developing and testing a computerassisted instruction program with interactive videodisc system. The Journal of Nursing, 49(1), 55−59.] doi:10. 6224/JN.49.1.55
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑芬(2015)。教學光碟飲食指導對血液透析病人飲食控制的成效。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-88。 
  2. 黃美娟(Mei-Chuan HUANG);洪志秀(Chich-Hsiu HUNG);余靜雲(Ching-Yun YU);林寬佳(Kuan-Chia LIN)(2022)。多媒體衛教對第2型糖尿病病人筆型胰島素注射技術之成效。護理雜誌。69(2)。44-54。 
  3. 蕭偉伶(Wei-Ling Hsiao);詹靜媛(Chin-Yuan Tsan)(2017)。提升重症護理師對連續性血液透析照護能力之改善專案。護理雜誌。64(5)。91-99。 
  4. 吳婷婷(Ting-Ting Wu);曾麗荷(Li-Ho Tseng);陳淑美(Shu-Mei Chen);洪正隆(Cheng-Lung Hung)(2019)。護理指導衛教資訊管理系統應用品質管理循環之成效探討。榮總護理。36(1)。62-71。 
  5. 陳婷婷(Ting-Ting Chen);標瓊喜(Chiung-Hsi Piao);賴妙惠(Miao-Hui Lai);葉婉真(Wan-Chen Yeh)(2018)。提升護理人員執行首次居家化療病人使用攜帶式輸液器衛教指導完整率。榮總護理。35(3)。302-313。 
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