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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 衛生福利部(2012)•民國100 年醫療統計年報•取自 _no=312&fod_list_no=2657&doc_no=13275 [Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2012). 2011 national health insurance annual statistical report. Retrieved from http:// 312&fod_list_no=2657&doc_no=13275]
  2. 陳世爵、賴金蓮、沈坤泰、李香蘭、林蕙英、孫國丁(2010)• 太極操改善肥胖的第二型糖尿病患者生化指標•澄清 醫護管理雜誌,6(3),24−31。[Chen, S. C., Lai, C. L., Shen, K. T., Lee, X. L., Lin, H. Y., & Sun, K. T. (2010). The effect of tai chi exercise on biochemical profiles in obese type 2 diabetic patients. Cheng Ching Medical Journal, 6(3), 24−31.]
  3. 葉美玲、陳興夏(2004)•中國傳統運動對銀髮族之養生 保健•長期照護雜誌,8(3),271−282。[Yeh, M. L., & Chen, H. H. (2004). Chinese traditional exercise in keeping health for elderly. The Journal of Long Term Care, 8(3), 271−282.]
  4. 劉宇、霍 然、來毅、姚秋麗、陳彩雲、陳岩(2012)• 健身氣功•八段錦對社區2 型糖尿病伴抑鬱患者抑鬱 症狀及生活品質的影響•中國運動醫學雜誌(中國), 31(3),212−217。[Liu, Y., Huo, R., Lai, Y., Yao, Q. L., Chen, C. Y., & Chen, Y. (2012). Community-based study on effects of Chinese qigong-baduanjin on depression symptoms and life quality of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Chinese Journal of Sports Medicine (China), 31(3), 212−217.]
  5. Agurs-Collins, T. D., Kumanyika, S. K., & Ten Have, T. R. (1997). A randomizd controlled trail of weight reduction and exercise for diabetes manage-ment in older African- American subject. Diabetes Care, 20, 1503−1533. doi: 10.2337/diacare.20.10.1503
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 竇文思(2014)。運動應用程式對糖尿病患者身體活動量與血液生化值之影響。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2014。1-96。 
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