Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明珠、許玲女、陳翠娥、郭美玲(1999)‧護理人員對身體約束知識與態度之探討‧長庚護理,10(1),42-50。[Chiang, M. C., Hsu, L. N., Chen, T. O., & Kao, M. L. (1999). An exploration of the nurses’ knowledge and attitudes of physical restraints. Chang Gung Nursing, 10(1), 42-50.]
  2. 吳秋燕、吳肖琪、劉文良、林麗嬋(1999)‧機構正式照顧者之約束知識、態度和使用理由之關係‧護理研究,7(6),518-530。[Wu, C. Y., Wu, S. C., Liu, W. L., & Lin, L. C. (1999). The relationship between knowledge and attitude toward restraint and reasons for restraint use in formal caregivers in institutions. The Journal of Nursing Research, 7(6), 518-530.]
  3. 邵明芬、彭淑慧、張筠喬、吳坤鴻、歐麗玲(2007)‧精神科病患身體約束品質提升專案‧精神衛生護理雜誌,2(2),55-63。[Shao, M. F., Peng, S. H., Chang, Y. C., Wu, K. H., & Ou, L. L. (2007). Project for improving of using physical restraint quality for psychiatric patients. The Journal of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 2(2), 55-63.]
  4. 施淑萍、黃碧華、張碧容、胡慧芬(2008)‧某地區醫院加護病房病患身體約束執行作業之改善方案‧高雄護理雜誌,25(1),22-33。[Shih, S. P., Huang, P. H., Chang, P. R., & Hu, H. F. (2008). An improvement of the physical restraint process for the ICU patient in the local hospital. The Kaohsiung Journal of Nursing, 25(1), 22-33.]
  5. 柯莉珊、周幸生、熊道芬、林麗華、陳玉枝(2010)‧重症護理人員執行病人身體約束之影響因素‧榮總護理,27(2),161-170。[Ke, L. S., Chou, S. S., Shiung, T. F., Lin, L. H., & Chen, Y. C. (2010). The relating factors of critical care nurses using physical restraints on patients. VGH Nursing, 27(2), 161-170.]
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顧艶秋(Yan-Chiou Ku);林麗英(Li-Ying Lin);蔣秀容(Shiow-Rong Jeang);陳惠鈴(Hui-Ling Chen);高紀雅(Chi-Ya Kao)(2018)。全人照護結合安寧療護之教育訓練對提升全人照護之成效。高雄護理雜誌。35(3)。12-24。 
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