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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宜芳、鄒慧英、林娟如(2010)。標準設定效度驗證之探究:以大型數學學習成就評量為例。測驗學刊,57(1),1-27。
  2. 吳毓瑩、陳彥名、張郁雯、陳淑惠、何東憲、林俊吉(2009)。以常態混組模型討論書籤標準設定法對英語聽讀基本能力標準設定有效性之幅合證據。教育心理學報,41(1),69-90。
  3. 杜佳真、林世華(2007)。九年一貫課程數學領域能力指標「數與量」、「代數」主題軸第一、二階段表現標準適切性評估之研究。師大學報:教育類,52(1),63-85。
  4. 侯佩君、杜素豪、廖培珊、洪永泰、章英華(2008)。台灣鄉鎮市區類型之研究:台灣社會變遷基本調查第五期計畫之抽樣分層效果分析。調查研究:方法與應用,23,7-32。
  5. 教育部(2003)。國民小學九年一貫課程綱要。臺北市:作者。【Ministry of Education. (2003). Grade 1-9 Curriculum Guidelines. Taipei, Taiwan: Author】。
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾芬蘭、邱佳民、林奕宏(2017)。監控評分者效果的Yes/No Angoff標準設定法之效度檢核:以國中教育會考數學科為例。測驗學刊,64(4),403-432。
  2. 蘇珊玉、吳慧珉(2014)。標準設定之效度評估─以2010 年臺灣八年級學生國語文學習成就資料為例。測驗統計年刊,22(下),1-21。
  3. 謝名娟(2013)。以多層面Rasch分析的角度來評估標準設定之變異性。教育心理學報,44(4),793-811。
  4. 謝進昌(2021)。以「補充性表現水平描述輔助自陳式測量構念」之延伸Angoff標準設定研究。教育心理學報,53(2),307-334。
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