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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張景弘、張孝銘(2004)。以顧客需求為基礎的服務創新在休閒服務上的應用。大專體育,71,116-121。
  2. 蔡明達(2010)。內部行銷與運動休閒服務業人力資源管理。大專體育,106,77-82。
  3. 鄭志富、呂宛蓁、曹校章(2006)。臺灣地區各縣市體育館營運績效評估之實證研究。大專體育學刊,8(2),51-66。
  4. 鄭志富、蔡秀華(2005)。臺灣地區公立大學體育館營運績效評估之實證研究。師大學報:教育類,50(2),227-244。
  5. 高俊雄(2007)。體育場館服務作業系統。載於臺灣體育運動管理學會(主編),2007 運動設施經理人初級證照研習會研習手冊(pp. 131-139)。高雄市:樹德科技大學。Kao, C.-H. (2007). The stadium building service operation system. In Taiwan Society for Sport Management (Ed.), 2007 sports facility manager license study (pp. 131-139). Kaohsiung, Taiwan: Shu-Te University.。
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周蕙欣(2013)。臺北市市立國民小學游泳池經營管理績效評估指標建構之研究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-140。
  2. 李怡潔(2014)。建構蔬果供應商關鍵績效指標因果模型。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-99。
  3. 王文輝(2015)。大學運動場館營運績效評估之實證研究-以國立中正大學為例。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-144。
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