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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.徐靜嫻(2013)。PBL融入師資培育教育實習課程之個案研究。教育科學研究期刊,58(2),91-121。【Hsu, C.-H. (2013). Case study on applying problem-based learning to the student teaching curriculum. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 58(2), 91-121. 】doi:10.3966/2073753X2013065802004
  2. 5.陳毓凱、張賴妙理、楊坤原(2013)。八年級學生在科學問題本位學習歷程的自我導向學習行為表現。科學教育學刊,21(3),345-370。【Chen, Y.-K., Chang-Lai, M.-L., & Yang, K.-Y. (2013). Self-directed learning behaviors in science problem-based learning processes of eighth graders. Chinese Journal of Science Education, 21(3), 345-370. 】doi:10.6173/CJSE.2013.2103.05
  3. 7.黃茂在、陳文典(2004)。「問題解決」的能力。科學教育月刊,273,21-41。【Huang, M.-T., & Chen, J.-H. (2004). Ability of problem solving. Science Education Monthly, 273, 21-41.】
  4. 8.楊坤原、陳建樺、張賴妙理(2011)。問題本位學習對四年級學童的問題解決與批判思考之影響。科學教育學刊,19(3),185-209。【Yang, K.-Y., Chen, J.-H., & Chang-Lai, M.-L. (2011). The effects of problem-based learning on the problem solving and critical thinking of fourth graders. Chinese Journal of Science Education, 19(3), 185-209.】
  5. 10.劉杰(2008)。e-Learning 2.0環境中大學生自我導向學習與網路學習動機之探討(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。【Liu, C. (2008). A study of the self-directed learning and learning motivation of undergraduates in the e-Learning 2.0 environment (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.】
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 汪耀華(Yao-Hua Wang);張基成(Chi-Cheng Chang)(2018)。現象學取向的磨課師教學經驗隱含之意義。教育科學研究期刊。63(1)。141-171。 
  2. 彭耀平(Yao-Ping Peng);陳榮政(Robin Jung-Cheng Chen);何希慧(Sophia Shi-Huei Ho)(2018)。教師轉換型領導與學生就業力發展之研究:以社會認知生涯理論論述之。教育科學研究期刊。63(1)。69-102。 
  3. 柳于婷(2016)。大學生自我導向學習傾向、生涯決策自我效能及生涯調適力之關係。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-133。
  4. 李冠穎(2017)。問題解決能力、創新課程與學習成效之關系研究。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2017。1-74。
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